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Nutritional features after gallbladder removal

If the gallbladder is removed, then the gastrointestinal tract will no longer work as before. But to help him cope with all its functions will help proper nutrition. Find out how it should be!

What functions does the gallbladder perform and what happens after its removal?

The gallbladder is a reservoir in which bile accumulates. It is produced by the liver, then enters the bladder and is stored there until the hour “X”, that is, until the moment when food appears in the gastrointestinal tract. Next, bile rushes into the duodenum to start the processes of digestion and active processing of food.

But what happens after removing the bubble? In fact, this body does not produce anything and is used only for the storage of bile produced by the liver. And after cholecystectomy, that is, the removal of the gallbladder, it is simply nowhere to be stored. And what does it threaten? At a minimum, a duodenal ulcer and serious damage to the intestinal mucous membranes.

The fact is that bile is very aggressive, and the gallbladder is so strong and almost invulnerable that it can withstand such a strong irritant effect. That is, it literally protects other organs, and therefore, after removal, such protection simply disappears. But still you should not despair, if you adjust the power, then everything will be in order.

What tasks does the food after cholecystectomy?

Since there is no room to store bile after cholecystectomy, it is logical that it should be ensured that it does not accumulate. It can not be stopped because it takes a direct part in digestion processes. But it can be done so that bile is produced as food enters the gastrointestinal tract, and in limited quantities.

Thus, it will immediately rush through the ducts into the duodenum and be used by the body for its intended purpose. And that is why therapeutic nutrition should ensure the regulation of the process of production of bile.

How to eat after cholecystectomy?

What should be the diet after removal of the gallbladder? It can be divided into three main stages. The first is postoperative.It is short, but very important. The second is rehabilitation, aimed at resuming the full work of the digestive organs and their gradual inclusion in the process of food processing.

And the third stage is practically the rest of your life, during which you will have to observe some restrictions. Each period should be told in more detail.

Postoperative period

The operation is a serious load on the body, and it should direct all forces to recovery. In addition, the processing of food at first will be impossible, it will not be able to digest. And so in the first days after cholecystectomy requires a strict diet.

During the day after the removal of the gallbladder can not eat or drink. You can only moisten your lips with water or rinse your mouth. On the second day it is allowed to drink water, but not more than one liter, and preferably, often and gradually.

After 36 hours, the doctor will allow you to replace water with fluids such as kissels, non-fat, fresh kefir, rosehip decoction. The total volume is 1.5 liters, and it is desirable to divide it into 8-10 servings.

On the fourth day, the diet is significantly expanded.The diet can include liquid vegetable purees, not too sour juices, steamed protein omelets, boiled lean fish, liquid and preferably wiped soups, as well as tea with a small amount of sugar.

On the fifth day, you can add yesterday's bread, crackers or galette cookies to the menu. On the sixth day, you can eat liquid porridge, boiled and preferably chopped meat and fish, as well as low-fat dairy products.

Recovery period

Starting from the second week after the operation and within one and a half months after cholecystectomy, a sparing diet should be observed, which will allow you to quickly restore the functioning of the digestive organs.

It involves the fractional six-meals in small portions (the volume of one should not exceed 200-250 grams), the preparation of all products for a couple or by cooking or stewing. Boiled mashed potatoes, steam meat or fish patties, milk, liquid soups and cereals, dried bread, jelly, puddings, non-acidic juices are allowed.

Nutrition throughout life

It will have to stick to a diet throughout life, but it is not as strict as it may seem. The mass of various products is allowed, but still there are some prohibitions and rules.

What can I eat, what foods are allowed? These are lean meat and fish, vegetables (preferably thermally processed), fruits (not very sour), dairy and dairy products, vegetable oils (in limited quantities), dried or yesterday's bread, low-fat fish and meat (in boiled or doubles, in in the form of meatballs, meatballs or soufflé), mashed potatoes, berry or fruit jelly and jelly, puddings, liquid cereals, vegetable, milk and fruit soups, weak coffee or tea, herbal or berry broths.

It is forbidden to eat spicy, fried, pickled, salted, smoked, fatty, bakery and confectionery products, fresh pastries (especially from yeast dough), canned food, fast food, semi-finished products, fatty meats and fish, salty or spicy cheeses, fatty dairy products, mushrooms, cakes, ice cream, chocolate, legumes, sweet carbonated drinks, alcohol.

General principles of nutrition:

  • Eat should be fractional, namely in small portions and at least five or six times a day.
  • Drink more water, as it allows you to dilute bile, thereby reducing its concentration and protecting the mucous membranes of the digestive organs from damage.
  • Serve dishes preferably slightly heated, so that they have a room temperature. Hot damage mucous membranes, and cold can cause a spasm of the bile duct.
  • Use a variety of recipes, but remember that the acceptable methods of heat treatment are stewing, steaming and boiling. Frying and smoking are prohibited.
  • Do not add spicy seasonings to the dishes, they stimulate the production of bile.
  • Try to grind food so that it is not heavy and coarse. Make mashed potatoes, souffles, mousses, liquid soups, puddings, steam omelets and so on.

If you follow a diet, you can live a practically full life. The restrictions are minor, and if you get used to the permitted way of eating, then thoughts about harmful dishes and foods will disappear by themselves. And it is always worth remembering that your health directly depends on nutrition!

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