First aid for sprains
In winter, traumatologists significantly increase work. Since the likelihood of dislocation in the ice in the winter increases sharply. Very often sprains occur with falls and bumps. People involved in various sports are also often injured.
Dislocation is the displacement of the ends of the bones as a result of injuries. Thus, the functionality of the joint is disturbed. Dislocation can lead to bone fracture. And everyone should know the basic rules of first aid for dislocation. So how to diagnose sprains is not easy. So, first aid for dislocation is as follows:
- fixation of the limb. It is necessary to fix the limb in the position in which it was after the dislocation. Suspend upper limb. And the lower limb is fixed with the help of a tire or improvised means, for example, boards or branches;
- it is also necessary to fix 1-2 joints below and 1 joint above the damaged one;
- create peace: the injured limb must be in a stationary state;
- apply a cold compress. Chill will reduce pain;
- try to calm the patient;
- self-transport the victim to the emergency room or call an ambulance.
The main symptoms of dislocation
Dislocation is accompanied by very strong pain. It deprives the joint of mobility. Sometimes at the time of injury you can hear a click. It is from the articular cavity slipped the head of the bone. After injury, hemorrhage, swelling or deformity may occur. Sometimes numbness of the limb. In the damaged area, when trying to make a movement, severe pain arises.
Symptoms of dislocation may also depend on its type. For example, congenital dislocation is manifested by impaired walking. Swelling, pain and immobility manifest traumatic dislocations.
What to do when you dislocate
It is not allowed to reset the dislocation. This may cause additional injury. Do not allow the patient to move the injured limb. Since pain shock may occur. If there is a wound in the area of dislocation, then a sterile dressing should be applied.
It is necessary as soon as possible to deliver the victim to the traumatologist. Otherwise, it will be very difficult to correct the dislocation. And the sooner you deliver the victim to the emergency room, the sooner he can get qualified help.Best of all, if the reduction of dislocation will be made before the development of muscle spasm and the appearance of edema. At the hospital, the doctor will do an X-ray examination and apply a plaster cast on the damaged joint.
But what to do when dislocated at home? At home, care must be taken to ensure that the sterile dressing does not slip from the area of dislocation. And if the patient complains of pain in the joint, then it means that the bandage is too tight and there is insufficient blood circulation in the area of dislocation. In this case it is necessary to loosen the bandage. And if the pain does not stop, consult a doctor. Good luck and don't get hurt.
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