How to breed carp?
Carp is a subspecies, or even more correct to say, the cultural form of the river carp. Carp is a long-lived fish, under favorable conditions, it lives for almost fifty years and reaches about forty kilograms of weight.
Carp is very unpretentious and almost omnivorous. It feels good in small quiet rivers, small reservoirs with stagnant water. Small, shallow, well warmed by the sun lakes, ponds and stakes with a slightly silted bottom - these are his favorite habitats. Carp's favorite food is small crustaceans, dragonfly larvae, bloodworms and seeds of various aquatic plants. With pleasure carp eats vegetable food, it is especially indifferent to young shoots of reeds. Carps "graze" in the reed creeks at dawn and, if you listen, sitting in the morning on the shore of the lake, sometimes you can clearly hear their satisfied champing.
Carp - fish is very hardy. It can stay for a long time in cold, low-oxygen-saturated water. In winter, when the surface of the reservoir is covered with a thick layer of ice, the carp lies on the bottom and hibernates.Despite its undemandingness to its living conditions, breeding carp in a pond is not so simple as it may seem at first glance.
If you are going to start breeding fish for commercial purposes, do not hope for instant success. Before you get your first profit you need to learn a lot and learn a lot. Professional breeding of carp requires special knowledge, certain cash investments, the availability of material and feed resources, as well as the market for finished products. All this, as you understand, is not the topic of a single article, but of several special books on fish farming and the basics of business.
We would like to talk about how to breed carps in the garden or dacha for their own pleasure. If you just like to spend time at the pond watching carpies splashing, if you are interested in the process of their breeding, and the fresh fish for dinner is not an end in itself, but a pleasant bonus from your hobby, then all our tips will be useful to you.
How to breed carp: rules
Preparation of the reservoir
For breeding carp, you naturally need a reservoir.Very well, if you already have it. This may be the old fireman’s stakes, a small reservoir for collecting water intended for irrigation, a dam on a small river flowing near it, or a specially dug out decorative pond, which has recently become fashionable to decorate manor plots. If you don’t have anything like this, it doesn’t matter - if you wish, you can dig your own pond for yourself. The pond should have an area of at least 25 square meters and about two meters deep. Too deep to do it is not worth it for the simple reason that the water at the bottom will warm up badly, and carp like heat. After the pond is dug out, fill it with water - river, dirt or spring. In no case should it be inhabited in a freshly dug pond of carps. Wait until it develops the necessary natural microflora. To speed up the process, pour a few buckets of standing water into the pond and throw a couple of bundles of river grass and algae. The water in the pond should also warm up in the sun to a temperature of 22 ° - 24 ° C.
Now that you have created all the necessary conditions for carp breeding in your home pond, you can begin to colonize it. It is best to start this business in the spring, as soon as the water in the pond becomes warmer.Try to purchase one-year-old carps from a specialized fish farm at the rate of a pair of fish per square meter of your pond. Breeding carp at home implies catching it until the end of autumn and the beginning of freeze-up, since it is extremely risky to leave the fish to winter in such a small pond, it can freeze or die from lack of oxygen. Therefore, it is obviously not worth it to risk and try to feed the carp fry to a novice fish farmer, because you will have to provide wintering conditions for your one-year-old carp, which is quite difficult to do in the garden plot. If summer is long past the yard, your pond is only ready and you cannot wait to try it out as soon as possible, buy a few small living carps and let them out into your pond - let them float until autumn, and at the same time you will learn how to feed them correctly. It is only necessary, before releasing carps into the pond, gradually equalize the temperature of the water in the tank with the fish with the temperature of the water in your pond, otherwise carps may die from heat shock.
You can certainly populate carps in the pond and wait for them to put on weight on loose bread, but you need to be warned that in this case you will hardly be able to achieve impressive results.Karpov should definitely be fed twice a day in a specially designated place. It is not necessary to give a lot of feed, not eaten in time the feed pollutes the pond, rots, and thus significantly impairs the composition and quality of water in the pond. For carps, it is quite enough to receive 3% of their own weight per day. It is better to feed carps from a special tray with high sides, which you will lower into the water in a certain place, rather than throwing food to the bottom of the pond. There is a carp ready for almost everything, like a domestic pig. If you do not have a special fish feed, you can successfully replace it with feed for chickens or pigs. Food should only be pre-kneaded in the form of a stiff dough and carp will use this mixture with great pleasure. Loves carp and earthworms and insect larvae, eats steamed grain, soaked peas and beans. Carp is able to remember well the time and place of feeding. Try to ring the bell before handing out the feed, and soon the fish will sail to your call.
Thus, as you can see, breeding carp in small ponds is quite possible and even for beginner farmers.
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