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How to play backgammon?

To understand the main purpose of the game of backgammon, you need to get acquainted with the playing field. It has a rectangular shape and is divided into two parts. Each of them has 12 points, there are 24 of them in total. They are triangles that extend from the edges to the middle of the board and have their own numbers — for each player, they are from 1 to 24.

Backgammon field

To play backgammon, you need to realize that what is 24 for one side will be one for the other, and vice versa. This applies to all items. Each player has 15 monochrome checkers, his task is to walk the full circle around the board, leaving the “house” and, returning back to it, take the checkers out of the field. “Home” is six consecutive points in one of the corners of the field, the starting position of two rivals. In the game, a big role is played by chance, since both sides use a pair of gaming dice. There are many different varieties of backgammon, but only two of them, namely, long and short, have received world recognition. For both kinds of rules, how to play backgammon is different.

How to make a move

In any case, the right of the first move is determined by throwing one dice. One of the participants who had the most points, starts the game first, and then go in the order of the queue. How many points a checker needs to be moved is determined by the number of points dropped on the two bones. Opponents move their pieces to each other in the meeting, from 1 to 24 points. In short backgammon, it is allowed not only to place checkers on unallocated points, but also to knock out single-standing pieces of the opponent, but not on long ones. You cannot put a piece on a point or knock out an opponent’s checker if there are several pieces in the position. It is permissible to shoot only one piece and only from the head in one move. It helps to learn how to play backgammon videos that are freely available on the Internet: you can learn about the rules of the game using a clear example.

When a player moves one piece, it is required that at least one of the intermediate points between its previous location and the new one is free. A downed checker is placed in the "bar" - on the line passing through the center of the board. Before moving the pieces, it is necessary to return to the field all the knocked-out checkers,and place them in the competitor's "house" in accordance with the points on the bones. At this time, it is allowed to knock out the opponent pieces.

Backgammon Victory

Anyone who knows how to play backgammon correctly knows that the one who removes all his drafts from the board, first bringing them to someone else's “house”, becomes the winner. Throwing pieces is allowed only when they are all in the "house". If at the moment of their throwing out, the opponent knocked at least one piece off the field, it should be returned to the “house”. Until this happens, you can’t remove the pieces, but the player can move the pieces inside the “house”.

As mentioned, a great value in backgammon is given to the dice. Thus, the number of points for which you want to move the figure during the first turn is determined by the points that fell on both bones at once during the draw. To learn how to play backgammon, you need to understand that directly during the game, rivals take turns throwing dice, and go on the number of points equal to the points on the dice. It is possible to "jackpot" or "double" - on both of the rolled dice identical numbers fell out. Then the points are doubled, and the player gets the right to simultaneously move 4 pieces per turn.If the number drawn is larger than the distance from the far piece to the edge of the board, and all the checkers are in the “house”, the most distant piece is removed from the field. In that situation, when during the course there is only one option to move, it is permissible to move the piece to a greater number of points than points. If there are several alternative moves, it is better to choose the one for which you need to spend two bones, and not one. When it is impossible to move the checkers at all, the move has to be missed.

What is the difference between long and short backgammon?

The rules of the game of backgammon are different from the aforementioned ones only in that it is forbidden to knock out enemy figures in them. In addition, the “house” of white - points numbered 13 and 18, and the “black” - 1 and 6. Also, the difference is that in long backgammon both players move the figures counterclockwise, that is, not towards each other, and one after another. One of the rules says that in no case should an impassable barrier be built in front of the opponent’s checkers. It is possible to remove checkers from the board according to points: the figure is derived from the field whose number corresponds to the number of points scored. In short backgammon starting position is more difficult.The player’s “home” and the player’s “courtyard” are positions 6 and 1, 12 and 7, respectively, the enemy’s “home” and “yard” are 19, 24, 13 and 18. Before playing short backgammon, it is necessary to arrange the figures in the correct order: two each in positions 1 and 2, and four each in 12 and 19, and three in paragraph 17. The same, given the reverse numbering, concerns and opponent.

In addition to the long and short, there are other varieties of backgammon, among which are short Caucasian. Their rules are no different from those adopted, but the opponent’s checkers should not be shot down in their “home”. When a game is played with bets, its terms are negotiated separately between the parties. Sometimes they use the so-called “doubling cube”, which helps to keep records of growth rates. In addition, during the "double" rates are doubled. If desired, you can negotiate with the opponent the maximum number of "duplicates" per game.

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