What are the verbs?
Russian language is quite difficult to learn. After all, many features, rules and exceptions to them can confuse and make you think about issues relating to the emergence of certain linguistic processes. A rather difficult question in the study of the Russian language is the verb. For those who want to know what are the verbs in the Russian language and how to correctly use them in speaking and in writing, this article was created. It is worth considering that it is impossible to give an unambiguous answer about the characteristics of the verbs, since they have different qualities and characteristics. All this takes into account various classifications. Let's look at them and talk about what verbs are.
Types of Verbs
The appearance of the verb shows how the action takes place in time. The classification based on this characteristic of the verb distinguishes between perfect and imperfect verb types.
- Perfect verbs answer the question "What to do?" and serve to indicate the completeness of the action (read). Based on their characteristics, such verbs are designed to describe the facts, what has already happened or reached a certain limit (The long-awaited spring came, the birds returned from the south).
- Verbs belonging to the imperfect type of group answer the question "What to do?" and point to the procedural action (read). Examples of verbs of this type indicate processes that repeat, and in general the process itself as an action (It was cold, it was winter).
Often, the prefix allows you to translate a verb from one type to another, which forms a species pair (read - read).
The question of what verbs are in the subject of mood is also interesting. This feature of the verb indicates how the action relates to reality.
- On the basis of this, an indicative mood, which is closely related to the category of time, is distinguished; therefore, the action is expressed in the past, present, and future. An indicator of this mood is the suffixes and personal endings (standing, standing, standing, standing, I will stand).
- Verbs of the imperative mood induce to action. Their feature is the inability to change at times (wait, sing, let's begin).
- The subjunctive mood of the verbs indicates the condition under which the action can be realized. An indicator of this mood is a particle (If it had not rained, we would have gone for a walk).
Depending on the temporal characteristic, it is worth paying attention to what verbs are in this case.
- Verbs of the past tense indicate that the action took place before the moment of speech, it already took place (the girl picked a flower). The indicator here is past tense suffixes.
- Present tense can only be defined in imperfective verbs, and this is expressed by personal endings (standing, standing, standing, standing, standing).
- Future verbs indicate the likelihood, the possibility of an action after the moment of speech (Tomorrow I will fly in a balloon). It should be borne in mind that in Russian the categories of time and type are closely intertwined.
A very important category of the verb is conjugation. Thanks to conjugation, the verbs can vary in faces and numbers. Indicative in this category are personal endings. To determine conjugation, you should pay attention to the ending of the verb (you are the І conjugation, you drive - ІІ conjugation) and the infinitive view (to hurt - І conjugation, to drive - II conjugation). Especially in this regard are the verbs, in which one part of personal endings is an indicator of the first conjugation, and the other - of the second.These are verb-sparse verbs, examples of which are the words want, run, read, and all derivatives of them.
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