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What is a biopsy?

Andrey Kim
Andrey Kim
January 12, 2015
What is a biopsy?

Biopsy is one of the diagnostic methods, which consists in removing cells from the problem area from a patient and examining them. Biopsy - a mandatory procedure for the final formulation of cancer diagnosis.

In this article we will tell you more about what biopsy is and how this procedure goes.

The essence of the procedure

The essence of biopsy in words is very simple. If a tumor is found in a patient, doctors take a piece of this tumor (biopsy) and examine it under a microscope for signs of disease, with the result that they make a final diagnosis. It sounds really not difficult, but each of us understands that taking this very piece of tumor is not easy at all.

How is the procedure?

Depending on the type of biopsy, the procedure is different. For example, with endoscopic biopsy, the material is taken with a special device, the endoscope. Puncture biopsy involves the taking of biological material using a special hollow needle.During aspiration biopsy, the procedure is performed using a special syringe - the contents of the affected organ are aspirated. Aspiration biopsy is the easiest and most affordable way to get a biopsy.

Excision and incisional biopsy

These types of biopsy differ by a more serious degree of intervention than the above. So, incisional biopsy involves the partial removal of the affected organ or tissue, and the excisional biopsy involves the complete removal of the organ or tumor.


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