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What is a prosthesis?

Olga Kravchenko
Olga Kravchenko
February 2, 2015
What is a prosthesis?

A prosthesis is an artificial substitute for any part of the body that has been lost. The process of equipping the body with a prosthesis is called prosthetics.

The fact that such a prosthesis, was well known in ancient Greece. There were primitive artificial limbs and later, in the Middle Ages, for example, the famous wooden legs and hooks of pirates. But on the whole, until the 20th century, prosthetics hardly developed. With the development of mechanics things went better. Prostheses began to appear, imitating the appearance of a lost leg or arm, and even prostheses capable of moving and performing some of the functions of the original.

In modern medicine, prosthetics has reached great heights. There are not only limb prosthetics, but also prosthetics of joints, teeth, and even cosmetic prosthetics (for example, eyes). Prosthetics of internal organs - endoprosthesis replacement. So, scientists have achieved great success in prosthetic knee and hip joints. Falloprosthetics are used to rehabilitate the sexual function of men.

Prosthetics is actively developing: they create dentures that are sometimes indistinguishable from the arms, legs or eyes. At the same time, scientists are actively researching the use of stem cells to “grow” a lost part of the body, which will gradually replace prosthetics as a phenomenon.

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