What is an adverb?
Speech in our article today will focus on adverbs. We will try to give the most complete answer to the question of what an adverb is. After all, the use of various parts of speech in our daily life is an indispensable condition for people to understand each other, so they need to be dealt with. Today let's talk about adverbs.
Adverb and how to use this part of speech
In linguistics, this part of speech is defined as a certain element of the language that designates a sign of an action or a sign of a sign. The adverb does not change. If you recall the school years, you can refer to such an easy to remember wording. An adverb is a part of speech that answers the following questions: “how?”, “Where?”, “Where?”, “When?”, “Why?”. Adverbs are mostly verbs and indicate a sign of a particular action.
The generally accepted classification of adverbs is determined by the morphological characteristic of the formation of this part of speech. Let's consider the following classification:
- Suffixal education. An adverb is formed by adding or changing the suffix of a variable word.Here, for example: "theoretical - theoretically"
- The change of the prefix of the word and its suffix corresponds to the formation of adverbial-suffixal adverbs. For example: "well-fed - full"
- The prefix adverb is that which is formed by the prefix method, that is, by adding the prefix: “bad is not bad”, “where is nowhere”.
- Adverbs can also be formed using different combinations and word combinations. For example: "helpless" (the addition of the words "without" and "help"); "sitting - half-sitting" (adding the prefix "floor" to the main word); "passing by - passing" (compound words).
What is an adverb and what are adverbs, we figured it out. Now let's talk about the use of adverbs.
- Use of a hyphen is possible in the following cases. All adverbs with the prefix "by" are used with the suffixes "ki", "yy", "om" (in my opinion). Adverbs on "yy", "ky", formed from ordinal numerals ("first"), are used in speech with the prefixes "in" and "in". Indefinite adverbs with the prefix "something" are used with the suffix "that", "or", "sometime", "same", "how" (somehow).
- Adverbs are also formed by the repetition of the words: "perforce"; "after all."
- An adverb is formed in a combination of synonymous words (unexpectedly).
- The prefix "on" in adverbs is written together, if the word has the suffix "y", "eunka", "onku" (little by little).
- Also “by” is written together with the comparative forms of adverbs (quieter).
- The following types of adverbs are written together: formed by combining prepositions with an adverb (until, from the inside, never); formed with the help of prepositions "in" and "on" with numerals of the collective type (twice, three times); formed with the help of prepositions in combination with a full adjective (hard boiled); formed with the help of demonstrative pronouns (why, why).
- Separately, you should write those adverbs in which the main word begins with a vowel (open).
Thus, dear reader, an adverb cannot be called a simple and understandable part of speech. The abundance of the spelling rules of adverbs makes you think about the necessity and correctness of their use both in oral and in written speech. At first glance, the rules are complex, but over time you can easily remember the spelling of many adverbs.
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