What is dyslexia?
The definition of the word "dyslexia" was given in 1968 by members of the World Federation of Neurologists. Dyslexia was called one of the types of neurological disorders. What is dyslexia? This is the inability of the child to read and write. This pathology is not treatable, however, timely adjustment can significantly improve the results.
Types and symptoms of dyslexia
Symptoms of dyslexia can be expressed differently depending on the form of the disease.
- Phonemic. Due to the underdevelopment of phonemic perception, the child mixes and replaces sounds similar to each other by articular or acoustic signs.
- Semantic. Those suffering from this form of pathology have technically correct reading, but they do not understand what they read. This is due to the poverty of vocabulary, the lack of syntactic connection of words in the sentence.
- Agrammatic. Misunderstanding of the grammatical structure of speech leads to the incorrect coordination of cases, forms and tenses of verbs, numbers and kinds of different parts of speech.
- Optical.Due to the violation of visual-spatial representations, when reading, the replacement of graphically similar letters occurs. There may be a jump when reading from one line to another, mirror reading (from right to left).
- Mnestic. Inability to compare the written letter to a specific sound.
Dyslexia disease can be hereditary, develop as a result of hormonal imbalance in the prenatal period, occur as a result of traumatic brain injury.
Correction and Prevention
Although dyslexia is not completely cured, with correct correction, good results can be achieved. Parents of a sick child should spend as much time as possible with him. For dyslexic children, special educational programs have been developed, in which emphasis is placed on touch, sight, and hearing.
In parallel with this, a feeling of confidence must be brought up in a child, since his mental health may be impaired due to the ridicule and bullying of his peers. Although in fact, children with this particular development have creative abilities and various talents.
Since speech hearing is formed from the first days of life, parents should constantly talk to the baby, express their love with words and facial expressions. Singing lullabies, reading fairy tales, massaging the cheeks, lips and forehead are excellent prevention of dyslexia.
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