What is the prostate?
The glands in the human body play an extremely important function - they are organs of internal secretion and are necessary to ensure the vital activity of all systems. There are many glands in the body, and they are located in different places. In this article we will tell you what the prostate is, or the prostate gland, what diseases can be associated with it and how to treat them.
Meaning of term
The prostate is a complex tubular-alveolar endocrine gland, an important component of the male reproductive system. The function of the prostate, or prostate, is to produce a special weakly alkaline secretion - one of the main components of sperm. It is an equally important component of the male reproductive system than the genitals, but for some reason they give much less attention to caring for it.
One of the most common diseases is an enlarged prostate. Prostatic hyperplasia, as the disease is now correctly called, (formerly called prostate adenoma) was a benign enlargement of the prostate gland, which is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- frequent urination, including at night;
- the need to make an effort to start the process of urination;
- weakening of the pressure of the jet, because of which the process of urination can often be interrupted and there is a feeling of not completely empty bladder;
- difficult to urge to urinate throughout the day.
Symptoms of the disease
The symptoms of prostate hyperplasia coincide with the symptoms of prostate cancer, but this disease is not as dangerous to health as cancer. This disease develops in men with age and according to statistics, half of men aged from 51 to 60 years suffer from it, and 90% of men after 80 years. If this disease is not treated, it can lead to complications such as inflammation of the urinary tract, renal failure, and also contribute to the formation of kidney stones and bladder.
- In the initial stages of the development of the disease, when the symptoms are still too mild, the doctor may suggest that you observe the development of the symptoms of the disease before proceeding directly to treatment. You will be prescribed to drink as much liquid as possible, especially in the evening, a special diet, and appropriate medications.
- The basis of drug treatment of prostatic hyperplasia is alpha-blockers. However, patients often prefer to immediately resort to invasive procedures, such as transurethral microwave therapy, laser therapy, and transurethral resection of the prostate gland. Such procedures allow you to get rid of the disease once and for all and have significantly fewer side effects compared with drugs.
- And finally, in the most advanced cases, you may need surgery.
Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor, which means that such a tumor can develop, affecting other, neighboring organs.
As a rule, prostate cancer in men also appears in old age. However, other risk factors include malnutrition, poor heredity and ecology, as well as prostate gland hyperplasia already existing.
The symptoms of prostate cancer, as we wrote above, coincide with the symptoms of an enlarged prostate.
Treatment of prostate cancer is carried out by the same methods as the treatment of any other malignant tumor:
- First, a patient is diagnosed, which includes a visit to a urologist, a blood test for prostate-specific antigen, and a biopsy.
- On the basis of the diagnostics made, the decision is made to choose one of the types of treatment: surgical, medical (using hormonal drugs) or treatment through radiation therapy.
- In some cases, it is decided to combine radiation therapy with medical treatment in order to achieve maximum effectiveness of the treatment course.
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