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What is a uterus?

The uterus is an important organ of the female reproductive system. It is in the uterus that the implantation and the development of the embryo itself take place. The uterus is located between the rectum and the bladder, in the pelvic cavity. Interestingly, not even all women know what a uterus is and what kind of diseases girls can face. Let's talk about the most common ones. However, first, let's deal with such a concept as the tone of the uterus.

What is the tone of the uterus

The tone of the uterus is the level of tension of the uterine wall. The tone of the uterus plays a very important role in childbirth and during pregnancy. It should be noted that directly during gestation, excessive contractile activity of the uterus walls is undesirable, because it can negatively affect the unborn child. Sometimes the increased tone of the uterus may even terminate the pregnancy. Unnecessarily increase the tone of the uterus:

  • Increased levels of male hormones;
  • Infectious and inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs;
  • Tumor diseases;
  • Improper abortion;
  • Experiences and stress;
  • Congenital malformation of uterus, etc.

To avoid excessive uterus tone, do not let stress into your life, get enough sleep, eat a balanced diet, regularly visit the gynecologist.

What is uterine fibroids

Uterine myoma is a benign tumor that develops from the muscular layer of the uterus itself. It is worth noting that this is the most frequent benign education in the genitals, which appears in women from thirty to fifty-five years. By itself, uterine fibroids are a bundle of connective tissue and muscles. The disease, affecting the uterus, leads to its increase or has the appearance of a node that comes out of the wall of the uterus.

In the development of such an unpleasant disease, ovarian function plays an important role. Very often, due to its violation, uterine fibroids occur. In addition, specialists noted a hereditary predisposition, which can affect the occurrence of this pathology.

As a rule, uterine myoma is treated with conservative treatment methods (non-surgical), with the help of hormonal preparations.

What is erosion of the uterus

Cervical erosion is one of the most common diseases in women. In itself, erosion is a defect in the mucous membrane of the cervix.Erosion can be caused by both hormonal disturbances and mechanical damage (for example, frequent and rough sex). In addition, erosion can be caused by various kinds of infectious diseases. At its core, erosion is a bright red stain against a pale pink color.

Treatment of cervical erosion should be mandatory. Only specialists can help the patient. The treatment is carried out comprehensively, taking into account all the nuances and causes of the disease.

What is uterine dysplasia

Unknowingly, dysplasia is often confused with cervical erosion. Dysplasia is a negative change in the work and in the structure of the cells of the cervix uterus. Such mucosal changes can lead to cancer. That is why uterine dysplasia is often called a precancerous condition. However, it should be noted that it is said not in the sense that cancer is about to begin, but in the fact that if the disease is not treated for several years, then the probability of developing a cancer is great. In general, dysplasia is relatively rare, in about a few out of a thousand women. The main cause of this disease is human papillomavirus infection.

Uterine dysplasia is successfully treated today.The treatment itself depends on the degree of development of the disease, the age of the woman, as well as on her general health.

What are polyps in the uterus

Polyps in the uterus are similar to some hanging structures and represent a type of proliferation of the uterine mucosa. The main cause of the appearance of such polyps is considered a hormonal disorder. In addition, the occurrence of polyps can be attributed to various diseases: diabetes, obesity, hypertension. Polyps can also occur due to an abortion or the use of spirals.

Polyps are removed by surgical intervention. During pregnancy, however, it is contraindicated. But after it, polyps must be removed. Diagnosis and treatment of uterine polyps involved a gynecologist.

Adenomyosis of the uterus. What it is?

Uterus adenomyosis, unfortunately, has not yet been fully studied. Until now, experts have not really figured out the causes, as well as the mechanism of the course of this disease. The essence of the disease is that the lining of the uterus somehow ends up in the muscle layer of the uterus. After that, they grow and cause disruption of the functioning of the organism as a whole.Proper hormone production is impaired, there is a decrease in the immunity of the woman, possible swelling, as well as an increase in the size of the affected area.

During treatment of uterine adenomyosis, as a rule, hormone therapy or surgical method is used. Competent doctors try to use the latter method only as a last resort, because later surgery may provoke the appearance of the disease in other organs.

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