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Where is the pancreas?

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Where is the pancreas?

The pancreas is an organ of digestion, which is not only in humans, but also practically in all animals. The question of where the pancreas is located, people are mostly interested only when they have something sore “somewhere in the abdomen”. When pain appears, some of the people begin to repeat like the mantra almost the entire structure of the body: the heart on the left, the liver on the right, the kidneys in the lower back, the stomach in the middle, the pancreas ... where is it? Where is the pancreas?

Where is the pancreas located

Where is the pancreas in humans, it is quite possible to understand already from its name - "under the stomach." But this is not in a standing position, but in a lying position, and this is the name that doctors and pathologists introduced, because for them it turns out just under the stomach, when they work with the patient on the operating table. In fact, it is located behind the stomach on the posterior abdominal wall closer to the left side of the ribs at the height I or top of the II lumbar vertebrae. It is not very large, elongated in shape and about 15-25 centimeters in length.

The pancreas is connected by ducts to the duodenum and delivers bile into it (pancreatic juice). So there is a further processing of food after its release from the stomach. Also, the pancreas, in addition to participating in digestion, secretes endocrine hormones that are involved in metabolism, the most famous of which is insulin.

Why do we need pancreas and bile, which it secretes? She is involved in the digestion of fatty foods and proteins, so that those who have problems with the pancreas, should refrain from meat and dairy products. Hormones produced by the pancreas are involved in carbohydrate metabolism, that is, they regulate blood sugar levels.

Disorders of the pancreas

It can be ring-shaped and encircle the duodenum, which in itself is not so terrible, but when it is inflamed, it increases in size and blocks the movement of food in the duodenum, which can negatively affect the entire body.

The defeat of those parts of the pancreas that produce hormones, contributes to the development of diabetes, as the body contains the wrong amount of insulin, which is necessary for the processing of sugar.If insulin is produced too little, diabetes mellitus of the first type appears - insulin-dependent, which is difficult to cope with exchanges of substances on its own, and regular injections of insulin are required. In the case when there is too much insulin, sugar breaks down too quickly and diabetes of the second type is formed - insulin-independent, with this type it is also necessary to monitor the sugar level and, if necessary, replenish it quickly.

When inflammation of the pancreas occurs, painful sensations occur in the area described above, and digestion is also hampered by the use of substances for the digestion of which the participation of the pancreas is necessary. There are painful difficulties and difficulties in the digestive process. Inflammation occurs when enzymes and other substances involved in digestion start working not where they belong, in the duodenum, but in the ducts and tissues of the pancreas itself.

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